What is a phrase?
A phrase is a group of words which does not make a complete sense.
A group of words expresses a concept and is a unit part of a sentence,
- In the middle
- At the bus stop
- For his courage
- About his character
- On his success
- During winter
- The big black bear
- With love
- At the front desk
- With long hair
A phrase can be turned into a meaningful sentence by adding some other words like
- I congratulated him on his success.
- What do you know about his character?
- During winter, it snows in my hometown.
- She treated all her students with love.
- The girl with long hair is my classmate.
- The man at the front desk is a receptionist.
- He was praised for his courage.
- The hunter caught the big black bear.
Kinds of Phrases
- Noun phrase
- Adjective phrase
- Adverb phrase
- Prepositional phrase
- Verb phrase
- Gerund phrase
- Infinitive phrase
- Appositive phrase
- Participial phrase
- Absolute phrase
1. NOUN PHRASE
A group of words that functions as a NOUN is called a noun phrase.
A phrase in which the head word is a NOUN and all other words are its modifiers is called a noun phrase.
- The old man was limping.
- The small puppy was playing with a ball.
- The corona virus caused a huge death toll.
- Reading is a good habit.
- They bought a new car.
2. ADJECTIVE PHRASE
A group of words that functions like an adjective is called an adjective phrase.
- The man with a walking stick is my grandfather.
- The woman with red shoulder bag is our English teacher.
- The umbrella with a broken handle is his.
- The runner in the rear did not qualify.
- The decision of the judges is final.
3. ADVERB PHRASE
A group of words which does the work of an adverb is called an adverb phrase.
- He jumped into the river without any care.
- I can the grocery bill at the moment.
- This plant flowers once every year.
- The two old friends met by accident in the market.
- During the rainy season, mushrooms grow everywhere.
4. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. A prepositional phrase may act like a noun, an adjective or an adverb.
- The team is going to a meet.
- The cat was under the table.
- The rumor spread throughout the school during the morning.
- Before the invention of electric lights, people used candles.
- The perfume smelled like vanilla.
5. VERB PHRASE
A verb phrase consists of a verb and all its modifiers. OR
The main verb along with its helping verb(s) is called a verb phrase.
- They were waiting for the rain to stop.
- She will visit you soon.
- We have been sleeping for a long time.
- You might enjoy the party.
- They will be catching fish.
6. GERUND PHRASE
A gerund phrase includes the gerund and the object of the gerund or any modifiers related to the gerund.
- Playing in the rain is fun.
- Listening to the music is enjoyable.
- Before putting too much effort into the project, you should get some guidance from your seniors.
- After learning the parts of speech, the class began studying punctuation.
- Teen can be seen strolling along a beach.
7. INFINITIVE PHRASE
An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb.
The infinitive phrase includes the infinitive and the object of the infinitive or any modifiers related to the infinitive.
- To make milkshake, you have to start with milk.
- I tried to solve the algebraic sum, but it was too difficult.
- Does the captain want us to lower the sails before we enter the harbor?
- Will someone be here soon to open the door?
- The strikers held a meeting to discuss the terms of employers.
8. APPOSITIVE PHRASE
An appositive phrase restates and defines a noun. It consists of one or more words.
An appositive phrase is a noun placed next to another noun to identify it or add information about it.
- Mr. Khan, our class teacher, is very hardworking.
- My favorite pastime, collecting stones, surprises some people.
- My mother, the most important person in my life, is also my best friend.
- A cheetah, the fastest land animal, can run 70 miles an hour.
- My idea, a recycling bin for the school, was accepted by the principal.
9. PARTICIPIAL PHRASE
- The sobbing child held his injured toe.
- Sweeping the floor, she fell down.
- Frightened by the fierce dog, she jammed at her place.
- Injured during the match, Ronaldo had to leave the field.
- The little girl, waving and jumping, ran towards her father.
10. ABSOLUTE PHRASE
An absolute phrase has a subject, but not an action verb, so it cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It modifies the whole sentence, not just a noun.
- His tail between his legs, the dog walked out the door.
- Shopping bags in hands, she walked home.
- God willing, we will meet again.
- Being a doctor, you should know how to treat patients with corona virus.
- Boys were shouting loudly, their lungs out of air.