What is a phrase?

A phrase is a group of words which does not make a complete sense.


A group of words expresses a concept and is a unit part of a sentence,


  1. In the middle
  2. At the bus stop
  3. For his courage
  4. About his character
  5. On his success
  6. During winter
  7. The big black bear
  8. With love
  9. At the front desk
  10. With long hair

A phrase can be turned into a meaningful sentence by adding some other words like

  1. I congratulated him on his success.
  2. What do you know about his character?
  3. During winter, it snows in my hometown.
  4. She treated all her students with love.
  5. The girl with long hair is my classmate.
  6. The man at the front desk is a receptionist.
  7. He was praised for his courage.
  8. The hunter caught the big black bear.

Kinds of Phrases

  1. Noun phrase
  2. Adjective phrase
  3. Adverb phrase
  4. Prepositional phrase
  5. Verb phrase
  6. Gerund phrase
  7. Infinitive phrase
  8. Appositive phrase
  9. Participial phrase
  10. Absolute phrase


A group of words that functions as a NOUN is called a noun phrase.


A phrase in which the head word is a NOUN and all other words are its modifiers is called a noun phrase.


  1. The old man was limping.
  2. The small puppy was playing with a ball.
  3. The corona virus caused a huge death toll.
  4. Reading is a good habit.
  5. They bought a new car.


A group of words that functions like an adjective is called an adjective phrase.


  1. The man with a walking stick is my grandfather.
  2. The woman with red shoulder bag is our English teacher.
  3. The umbrella with a broken handle is his.
  4. The runner in the rear did not qualify.
  5. The decision of the judges is final.


A group of words which does the work of an adverb is called an adverb phrase.


  1. He jumped into the river without any care.
  2. I can the grocery bill at the moment.
  3.  This plant flowers once every year.
  4. The two old friends met by accident in the market.
  5. During the rainy season, mushrooms grow everywhere.


A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. A prepositional phrase may act like a noun, an adjective or an adverb.


  1. The team is going to a meet.
  2. The cat was under the table.
  3. The rumor spread throughout the school during the morning.
  4. Before the invention of electric lights, people used candles.
  5.  The perfume smelled like vanilla.


verb phrase consists of a verb and all its modifiers.  OR

The main verb along with its helping verb(s) is called a verb phrase.


  1. They were waiting for the rain to stop.
  2. She will visit you soon.
  3. We have been sleeping for a long time.
  4. You might enjoy the party.
  5. They will be catching fish.


A gerund phrase includes the gerund and the object of the gerund or any modifiers related to the gerund.


  1. Playing in the rain is fun.
  2. Listening to the music is enjoyable.
  3. Before putting too much effort into the project, you should get some guidance from your seniors.
  4. After learning the parts of speech, the class began studying punctuation.
  5. Teen can be seen strolling along a beach.


An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb.


The infinitive phrase includes the infinitive and the object of the infinitive or any modifiers related to the infinitive.


  1. To make milkshake, you have to start with milk.
  2. I tried to solve the algebraic sum, but it was too difficult.
  3. Does the captain want us to lower the sails before we enter the harbor?
  4. Will someone be here soon to open the door?
  5. The strikers held a meeting to discuss the terms of employers.


An appositive phrase restates and defines a noun. It consists of one or more words.


An appositive phrase is a noun placed next to another noun to identify it or add information about it.


  1. Mr. Khan, our class teacher, is very hardworking.
  2. My favorite pastime, collecting stones, surprises some people.
  3. My mother, the most important person in my life, is also my best friend.
  4. A cheetah, the fastest land animal, can run 70 miles an hour.
  5. My idea, a recycling bin for the school, was accepted by the principal.


participial phrase begins with a past or present participle. A participle phrase will often include objects and/or modifiers that complete the thought


  1. The sobbing child held his injured toe.
  2. Sweeping the floor, she fell down.
  3. Frightened by the fierce dog, she jammed at her place.
  4. Injured during the match, Ronaldo had to leave the field.
  5. The little girl, waving and jumping, ran towards her father.


An absolute phrase has a subject, but not an action verb, so it cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It modifies the whole sentence, not just a noun.


  1. His tail between his legs, the dog walked out the door.
  2. Shopping bags in hands, she walked home.
  3. God willing, we will meet again.
  4. Being a doctor, you should know how to treat patients with corona virus.
  5. Boys were shouting loudly, their lungs out of air.